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Main indicators

Main indicators
Significant macroeconomic aggregates
  Unity 2010 2011  2012 2013 2014

GDP at Constant Price

Primary sector

Secondary sector

Tertiary

billion

Ariary

-

921

291

 1492

-

928

304

1489

-

941

335

1534

-

883

415

1554

 
Inflation rate ( annual average change ) % 9,2 9,5 5,8 5,8 6,1
Growth rate in general % 0,3 1,5 3,0 2,3 3,3

Growth rate by sector

Primary sector

Secondary sector

Tertiary

 

-

-3,4

2,5

1,7

-

0,7

4,0

-0,2

-

1,5

9,3

3,0

-

-6,1

24,1

1,3

-

3,3

9,2

3,2

Weight sectors in GDP

Primary sector

Secondary sector

Tertiary

%

-

31,2

12,6

56,8 

-

34,7

12

53,3 

-

33,6

12

54,4 

-

33,6

12,4

54 

-

33

13,1

53,8 

   
Unemployment rate %  3,8  - 1,2  -  -    

Source : INSTAT, 2015

FDI flow according to countries of origin as per the home countries (billion Ar)
   2010 2011 2012 2013
Mauritius 58.8 389 398.2 350.8
France 153.4 293.3 425 278.5
Canada 512.1 502.3 504 140.6
United Kingdom 16.5 75.7 25 51.1
China 127.9 129.3 85.6 26.2
Italia 36.5 -3.3 40.3 19.6
Japan 362.4  2.7 3 0.7
United States  5.7 154 70.8 -4.5
South Korea 347.6 2.6 5 0
Others 68.2 94.3 226.5 364.4
Total 1689.1 1639.9 1783.4 1254.5

Source: FDI surveys, BCM/INSTAT (2014)

FDI flow as per industry activities (billion Ar)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Agriculture, Hunting, livestock and forestry -0,8 -3,3 10,1 21,8
Fisheries, aquaculture 34,7 7,3 41,7 2,12
Manufacturing operations 41,5 137 93,6 76,4
Production and distribution of gas, electricity and water 0,2 3,8 1,1 28,2
Construction and public works 53,6 58,9 0,5 6,8
Trade 18,4 34 48,7 26,6
Hotels and restaurants 36,1 1,8 6 2,86
Transports 2,9 3,7 30 30
Financial activities 57,4 245,4 532,5 560
Real estate and business services 10,5 70,8 31,6 29,7
oil distribution 58,2 7,8 14,3 90,4
Telecommunication 16,5 72 222,9 145,7
Others -0,1 0 0 -0,1
TOTAL out " extractive " 329,1 639,3 1032,9 1020,5
Mining and quarrying 1360 1000,6 750,5 231
TOTAL 1689,1 1639,9 1783,4 1251,5

Source: FDI surveys, BCM/INSTAT (2014)

FDI stock as per the investor’s country of residence (billion Ar)
   2010 2011 2012 2013
Canada 2200.4 2442.4 2946.4 3087.0
United Kingdom  2270.3 2346.0 2371.0 2422.1
Japan 1404.3 1406.9 1409.9 1410.6
Republic of Korea 1220.9 1282.1 1229.5 1229.5
France 609.1 1223.6 1760.1 2038.6
Mauritius 551.7 940.7 1438.4 1789.2
Italia 183.3 337.3 408.1 403.6
China 241.6 238.3 278.6 298.2
United states  201.8 210.1 295.7 321.9
Bermuda 137.2 137.2 137.2 137.2
La Réunion 56.9 97.9 140.8 143.5
Hong-Kong  78.4 77.7 77.7 77.7
Luxemburg 68.3 72.7 72.7 96.7
Switzerland 63.5 71.8 75.6 71.2
Sweden  31.7 31.7 31.9 31.9
South Africa 12.9 12.7 13.6 22.6
Netherlands 11.5 11.5 11.5 -10.7
India 1.6 1.6 21.6 21.1
Others 60.1 103.3 289.5 669.3
Total 9405.7 11045.6 13009.6 14261.3

Source:  FDI surveys, BCM/INSTAT (2014)

FDI stock as per industry activities (billion Ar)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Agriculture, Hunting, livestock and forestry 31,7 28,4 38,5 60,3
Fisheries, aquaculture 76 83,3 125 127,1
Manufacturing operations 318 455 548,6 625
Production and distribution of gas, electricity and water 1,6 5,4 6,5 34,7
Construction and public works 387,2 446,1 446,6 453,4
Trade 156,6 190,6 239,3 265,9
Hotels & restaurants 246,7 248,5 254,5 257,4
Transports 25 28,7 58,7 88,7
Financial activities 330,6 585,6 1298,9 1858,9
Real estate and business services 47,5 118,3 149,9 179,6
oil distribution 240,4 248,2 262,5 352,9
Telecommunication 384,8 457,2 680,1 825,8
Others 0,1 0,1 0,1 0
TOTAL out " extractive " 2245,9 2895,4 4109,2 5129,7
Mining and quarrying 7159,8 8150,2 8900,7 9131,7
TOTAL 9405,7 11045,6 13009,8 14261,3

Source: FDI surveys, BCM/INSTAT (2014)

Exports towards the 10 main partner countries and the rest of the world,classified per value(Ar FOB) and per weight
  2012 2013  september 2014
    Ariary FOB   Net weight (T)      Ariary FOB    Net weight (T)     Ariary FOB   Net weight (T) 
France 755.79   58 178  967.76   66 260     842.42   43 251  
United states 120.11     7 590   296.47    11 623     300.54 35 498
Japan 13.50       762    182.38    5 912    255.64   6 579  
Republic of Korea 37.94     2 031  202.97      6 762   250.53    6 963   
Netherlands 60.70    8 838  260.68  18 829    247.72   8 899 
Belgium 37.08     6 257  155.96  11 574   246.87  10 403 
Germany 168.96    5 130    219.01     7 351    185.52    5 007  
China 226.50  216 891    287.78 144 175   174.70 147 952  
South Africa 88.36     58 875   173.77    42 129    172.19   24 726  
Canada 153.09  483 490   180.31  507 535   133.85  200 264  
Others 1 051.40 246 250   1 131.41 358 704  997.16   217 709  
Total 2 713.44  1094297  4 058.54 1 180 858  3 807.16 707 257  

Source : DGINSTAT/D S E/SSES/COMEXT/OCTOBER 2014

Export  to the member countries of Regional Integration
  2012 2013  septembre 2014
    Ariary FOB   Net weight (T)     Ariary FOB  Net weight (T)     Ariary FOB  Net weight (T)  
COI   103.24   57 444   143.27 86 398   111.02   45 473 
European Union 1 258.57 113 922   1 933.00   185 138  1 887.90    88 929
COMESA 88.55 48 880   140.20 91 116  94.66  40 152 
SADC  133.54 80 349 251.27 119 466  244.54   67 931  

Source : DGINSTAT/DSE/COMEXT/octobre 2014

The main 20 exported products, classified per value(Ar FOB) and per weight
  2012 2013  september 2014
    Ariary FOB   Net weight (T)     Ariary FOB   Net weight (T)       Ariary FOB  Net weight (T)  
Other textile materials and articles thereof 620.14   11 110  784.04  13 340   717.72   9 737  
Vanila  23.17  537  97.16 1 136  175.57 1 460  
Other Minerals 267.56  618 221   229.88  579 564   146.32  254 891  
Shrimps 132.43    6 264  178.13   7 502  143.48  5 518
Petroleum products  179.94  62 238  181.57   61 101   143.11   47 036  
Clove 370.51  19 168  226.75 11 697 126.21  5 766
Other food industries 103.72  10 804 134.51  11 310  112.27   9 521 
Shirts , Blouses 57.86  1 287 71.17   1 728 68.96 1 421 
Cotton fabrics 43.84  1 604  59.32    2 222  65.91 2 199 
T-shirts, jerseys , pants 26.86 1 289  61.81  2 474  65.21 2 017  
Beans 39.19 25 933  59.51 34 845   57.97  29 179 
Clove oil 21.77 707  55.46 1 757   48.78  1 419
Other chemical products and parachemical 19.33 11 186  56.67 72 201  46.83  76 978  
Industrial gemstones 58.57   13 844  56.88  17 971  43.97  13 449 
Other shellfish 16.87 2 130   33.43   3 288  43.14  3 585 
Chrome ore  41.58  111 500  35.98  88 000  42.75  93 750 
Cocoa beans  19.56  4 820   37.15  9 139  30.70  5 619 
Canned fruits and vegetables 30.17  3 882 45.56 5 548  30.24  3 163  
Unroasted coffee  1162    2 432   43.41  10 949  28.57   6 842  
Cotton mass 2 149.25 770 066   16.06  4 732    22.27    6 101  
Others 626.57   184 563  1 594.07  240 344   1 647.13 127 596  
Total 2 713.43 1 094 297  4 058.54 1 180 858    3 807.16  707 257  

Source : DGINSTAT/DSE/COMEXT/october 2014

Importation from the 10 main partner countries and the rest of the world, classified per value(Ar CIF) and per weight
  2012 2013  september 2014
    Ariary CIF  Net weight (T)     Ariary CIF Net weight (T)      Ariary CIF Net weight (T) 
United Arab Emirates  842.85 695 558 1 461.01  1 583 465   1 125.99    1 464 437  
Chine 794.54 182 751  991.11  244 357   895.97   199 918  
Inda  270.44  174 546   38658.  286 459   351.94 235 285  
France  332.37   52 229  402.23  46 378   347.43 50 246 
European Union 354.68  26 767  398.99 25 295   288.13   14 895 
South Africa 297.62 319 847 359.16 506 216   258.88    431 938 
Pakistan 143.43  246 768  253.67  411 153   254.65  405 300  
Mauritius 166.40 37 436 214.00  39 747  188.83   27 213  
Germany 125.19 9 753 144.78  11 033 154.50 12 296 
United States 179.17  13 272 220.04 42 997   137.16 5 512  
Others  1 933.33  865 999 1 984.60   1 126 898  1 582.85   901 225  
Total 5 440.027  2 624 932   6 816.19  4 324 003 5 586.34 3 748 270  

Source : DGINSTAT/DSE/COMEXT/october 2014

Importation from the member countries of Regional Integration(billion Ar)
  2012 2013  september 2014
    Ariary CIF   Net weight (T)    Ariary CIF   Net weight (T)     Ariary CIF  Net weight (T)  
COI 192.54 43 857  237.33   45 053  205.64 32 021 
European Union 811.99 107 411   959.15  110 555 862 .21 118 455 
COMESA 313.30   113 691   330.11 94 714 276.14 68 407  
SADC 512.33  370 206 602.70 552 198   467.77 462 511 

Source : DGINSTAT/DSE/COMEXT/october2014

The main 20 products imported, classified per value (Ar CIF) and per weight
  2012 2013  september 2014
    Ariary CIF   Net weight (T)   Ariary CIF    Net weight (T)     Ariary CIF  Net weight (T) 
Other textiles  407.07   18 282 486.55  18 881  473.68 14 666 
Diesel and fuel oil 813.92  389 323   1 041.75 498 812  760.90   341 486
Other machinery 345.34 17 561  445.80 24 276 336.73  20 184 
Cotton fabrics 114.06 4 772  182.87 7 806  150.77  6 770 
Other transport equipment 48.75  7 861   50.90 10 870 47.93 7 428
Edible oils  102.97 38 533  126.30 53 372   95.30  38 308 
Other Items  160.20  16 988 168.31  21 921  137.45 14 790 
Trucks   116.60  10 628 135.67  11 364 119.64 9 408 
Radio , television , telecommunication and accessories 64.85 5 140 51.64  4 697 61.30  4 836 
Other electrical constructions 172.54  18 220  158.31  19 135   155.25 16 550
Other metals and fabricated metal products 190.44  34 854  184.17  35 079   160.41   28 928  
Rebar and laminates 117.16 58 157   141.90 74 776  148.45 73 137  
Plastics 166.97 39 531 202.49 43 055 174.43  34 832  
Other chemical products and parachemical 175.01  73 689 201.46 86 459  164.98   78 337 
Other paper and Applications 81.59  7 476 95.39  6 520 101.39 5 952  
Other animal products 78.23  16 237  128.97 25 909 53.28 14 102
Pharmaceutical products 123.20  4 273   137.20 5 173  140.75 4 857 
Kerosene 200.72 87 488 181.24   79 446   132.83   56 013 
Gasoline  182.38  74 083  232.32 96 140   168.35  66 486
Rice  188.95  183 889  387.63 388 933  303.97  315 583  
Others 1 589.06  1 517 938    2 075.30 2 811 369   1 698.50 2595606 
Total  5 440.02  2624932   6 816.19 4324003   5 586.34  3748270  

Source : DGINSTAT/DSE/COMEXT/october 2014